Python Code Libraries Updates Now Available
We are pleased to announce that we have a new and updated Python library available to use with our Raspberry Pi expansion boards. The new version 2.0 update includes several major changes found in the changelog.md in the root of the GitHub repository.
Since we launched the Python library in 2014, it has grown organically with regular updates to the features and new boards and demos added. The result of all those updates is that the structure of the library had become untidy, as the demos were in the same folders as the board classes and helper functions. The classes and demos were also not PEP8 compliant, and the naming conventions were inconsistent across the code.
For several years, we have maintained two separate versions of the Python library for Python 2 and Python 3 releases. This meant that any change to one library would need to be duplicated, which added extra work and the potential for bugs to creep into the code.
With these issues in mind, we decided it was time to restructure the library and bring everything up to the current Python PEP8 standards.
The new Python library is now compatible with Python 2 and 3 allowing you to develop your applications in either version from a single code base.
The demo files have been moved into a demos subfolder in each of the class folders making the library more organised. This change will make adding more demos and tutorials for our expansion boards easier without adding clutter to the class folders.
We have renamed the class files removing the ABE_ from all the names so for example, ABE_ADCPi is now ADCPi. We have also merged the ABE_Helper.py into the main classes, so you no longer need to create an instance of the helper class and pass it into the board class. These changes should reduce the code needed to use our expansion boards.
To give you an example with the previous version of the Python library, you would need the following code to initialise an ADC Pi object:
from ABE_ADCPi import ADCPi from ABE_helpers import ABEHelpers i2c_helper = ABEHelpers() bus = i2c_helper.get_smbus() adc = ADCPi(bus, 0x68, 0x69, 12)
With the new 2.0 update, this has been reduced to:
from ADCPi import ADCPi adc = ADCPi(0x68, 0x69, 12)
All the function names are still the same, so if you want to use the 2.0 release with your current project, the code changes you need to make will be minimal.
As well as reducing the amount of code you need to write, we have also gone through all the classes, optimising the functions and adding more error protection. In the previous release, errors were printed to the console. With 2.0, we have removed all the print calls and changed the code to raise an exception when an error occurs. This should make it easier for you to manage and deal with exceptions accordingly. We have also added extra input validation so the functions should raise a ValueError if it gets an unexpected value.
We have made several optimisations on the ADCPi and ADCDifferential Pi classes to reduce the number of function calls needed during each ADC sample. While this won’t have any major impact on the sample rate, which is still limited by the ADC, it does mean your Raspberry Pi will use fewer CPU cycles, improving application performance and power usage.
With the set_dac_raw() function in the ADCDACPi and ExpanderPi classes, we have completely rewritten how it calculates the values before sending them to the DAC, which should give you a speed improvement of around 48%. On a Raspberry Pi 2 using the previous version of the Python library, you could generate a 6KHz square wave from the DAC output, this has been increased to over 10KHz on the updated version.
The other major change that has been requested by several of our customers is that the library can now be installed into the Python library path on your Raspberry Pi by using PIP or running the new setup.py file in the root of the library.
For Python 2.7, you can install the library with:
sudo python2.7 -m pip install git+https://github.com/abelectronicsuk/ABElectronics_Python_Libraries.git
For Python 3.4, use:
sudo python3.4 -m pip install git+https://github.com/abelectronicsuk/ABElectronics_Python_Libraries.git
If you want to download the library and install it, you can use git to clone the library onto your computer:
git clone https://github.com/abelectronicsuk/ABElectronics_Python_Libraries.git
To install it, navigate to the ABElectronics_Python_Libraries folder and run:
For Python 2.7:
sudo python setup.py install
For Python 3.4:
sudo python3 setup.py install
The newly updated library is available from https://github.com/abelectronicsuk/ABElectronics_Python_Libraries, and we have demo code samples for each of the supported expansion boards in the demo folders for each board.
The older ABElectronics_Python3_Libraries will no longer be updated, so please use the new ABElectronics_Python_Libraries instead for your Python 3 projects.
Previous versions of the Python libraries can be found at https://github.com/abelectronicsuk/Archive
We have Python, Arduino, C, C++, Node.js and Windows 10 IOT libraries available for many of our expansion boards. You can download all of the libraries from GitHub at:
https://github.com/abelectronicsuk/ or click on the logos below for your selected programming language,