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Interrupts doesn't work in C

67 Views - Created 30 days ago

30 days ago

Posted by:
Androw96

Last edited: 16/08/2019

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Hello Guys! I am writing to you because we have a problem with Programming and using IO Pi Plus in C. I have read a lot of discussions about this topic, but we couldn't manage to solve our problem yet.Our problem is that we would like to connect a lot of buttons to the IO Pi Plus and use their signal as interrupts.(We are using a RPI 3B+) We want the pins 1-8 of port0 of the bus2 to trigger the IA of the bus2. The IA port is connected to one of the GPIOs of the Raspberry Pi 3B+ which is initialized as an interrupt. Our problem is, that we can't get any feedback from the buttons. In the wiring we don't use a level-shifter, but voltage divider(an 1k Ohm resistor and an 1,8k Ohm resistor) and so we get 3,22 Volt. There was a one time occasion,that we got a printout from the read_interrupt_capture function as we were constantly pushing our button. It was something like that: Port 0 7f Port 0 7f Port 0 7f Port 0 fe Port 0 fe It was a pretty random answer.. We had one wired button on the pin1 of the port0 of the bus1. Since then we checked all wireings. This is our code:

 

#include "stdio.h"
#include "stdlib.h"
#include "string.h"
#include "signal.h"
#include "unistd.h"

#include 
#include "ABE_IoPi.h"

#include 
#include 
#include 


#define BUTTON     25





void callBut()
{
	
	printf("Port 0 %x \n",read_interrupt_capture(0x21, 0));
	
}



int main(int argc, char* argv[])
{
    
   
    IOPi_init(0x21); // initialise one of the io pi buses on i2c address 0x20
    
    set_port_pullups( 0x21,  0, 0x00); //set the internal 100K pull-up resistors for the selected IO port
    
    set_port_direction(0x21, 0, 0xFF); // set the direction for bank 0 to be outputs

    invert_port(0x21, 0, 0xFF); //invert the polarity of the pins on a selected port
    
    set_interrupt_polarity(0x21, 0); //This sets the polarity of the char output pins.
    
    mirror_interrupts( 0x21, 1); // Set the interrupt pins to be mirrored or for separate ports

    set_interrupt_defaults( 0x21, 0, 0xFF);
    
    set_interrupt_type( 0x21, 0, 0xFF); //Sets the type of interrupt for each pin on the selected port
        
    set_interrupt_on_port( 0x21, 0, 0xFF);
    
    reset_interrupts( 0x21);
    
    wiringPiSetupGpio();

    pinMode(BUTTON,INPUT);

    pullUpDnControl(BUTTON,PUD_UP);

    wiringPiISR(BUTTON,INT_EDGE_FALLING,&callBut);
    
    while(1)
    {
    
    }
    
}

Can anyone help us solve this problem? Any advice and/or help is welcomed!

Best regards,

Andrew

30 days ago

Posted by:
andrew

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Location:
United Kingdom

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Hello Andrew

The code below should work for your project.

In the callback function I added a while loop which keeps reading the port value until the state changes which means a button has been released.  Without this the code will only run once and not reset the interrupts.

The port did not need to be inverted as the internal pull-ups are disabled so the pin would go high when a button is pressed.  You will need to make sure you have a pull-down resistor on each button so they drop back to 0V when the button is released otherwise they will sit in a floating state which can cause unwanted interrupt triggers.

I changed the interrupt polarity to 1 as the voltage divider will pull the output low when the interrupt resets so it will work better with triggering high. 

The wiringPiISR now triggers on a rising edge instead of a falling edge and I disabled the GPIO pull-up as you already have a pull-down resistor on the voltage divider.

I have tested the code with a button connected to the 5V pin on the Raspberry Pi and the same voltage divider values as you have used and it appears to be working correctly but if you have any problems please let me know.

#include "stdio.h"
#include "stdlib.h"
#include "string.h"
#include "signal.h"
#include "unistd.h"

#include 
#include "ABE_IoPi.h"

#include 
#include 
#include 


#define BUTTON     25





void callBut()
{
	int intval = read_interrupt_capture(0x21,0); // read the capture value

	printf("Port 0 %x \n",intval);

	while (intval == read_port(0x21,0)){ // keep reading the port until the button is released
    	usleep(100000);
	}
}



int main(int argc, char* argv[])
{
    
   
    IOPi_init(0x21); // initialise one of the io pi buses on i2c address 0x20
    
    set_port_pullups( 0x21,  0, 0x00); //turn off the internal 100K pull-up resistors for the selected IO port
    
    set_port_direction(0x21, 0, 0xFF); // set the direction for bank 0 to be inputs

    invert_port(0x21, 0, 0x00); //set the polarity of the pins on the port to be normal
    
    set_interrupt_polarity(0x21, 1); // Set the polarity of the interrupt pin to go high.
    
    mirror_interrupts( 0x21, 1); // Set the interrupt pins to be mirrored or for separate ports

    set_interrupt_defaults( 0x21, 0, 0x00); // Set the default value to be off for all pins
    
    set_interrupt_type( 0x21, 0, 0xFF); // Sets the type of interrupt to trigger when the pin matches the default value
        
    set_interrupt_on_port( 0x21, 0, 0xFF); // Enable interrupts for all pins on port 0
    
    reset_interrupts( 0x21);
    
    wiringPiSetupGpio();

    pinMode(BUTTON,INPUT);

    pullUpDnControl(BUTTON,PUD_OFF);

    wiringPiISR(BUTTON,INT_EDGE_RISING,&callBut);
    
    while(1)
    {

    }
    
}

 

AB Electronics UK Tech Support

24 days ago

Posted by:
Androw96

Users Avatar

Hi Andrew,

Thank you for the  answer. It was really helpful.

Best wishes,

Andrew

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