ADC Pi V1 and V2 expansion boards
Created: 11/05/2016 | Last Updated: 01/04/2022
This item has been replaced with the ADC Pi 3.0
Go to the ADC Pi
The ADC Pi is an 8 channel 17 bit analogue to digital converter designed to work with the Raspberry Pi platform. The ADC Pi is based on two Microchip MCP3424 A/D converters each containing 4 analogue inputs with up to 18 bit resolution. The MCP3424 is a delta-sigma A/D converter with low noise differential inputs.
- 8 x 17-bit 0 to 5V Single Ended Inputs
- Control via the Raspberry Pi I2C port
- Stack up to 4 ADC Pi V2 boards on a single Raspberry Pi
- Jumper selectable I2C addresses
- Buffered 5V I2C port
- Based on the MCP3424 from Microchip Technologies Inc
- Single Ended full-scale range of 5.0V
- On-board 2.048V reference voltage (Accuracy ± 0.05%, Drift: 15 ppm/°C)
- On-Board Programmable Gain Amplifier (PGA): Gains of 1, 2, 4 or 8
- Programmable Data Rate Options:
- 3.75 SPS (17 bits)
- 15 SPS (15 bits)
- 60 SPS (13 bits)
- 240 SPS (11 bits)
- One-Shot or Continuous Conversion Options
The ADC Pi is pin compatible with the the Raspberry Pi model B+.
We designed the ADC Pi to work as a single ended A/D converter using the internal 2.048V reference voltage with the -V pins tied to ground. A voltage divider on the ADC Pi board brings the input voltage range to a much more useful 0 – 5.06V. In this configuration the sample size is 17 bits for each channel.
The ADC Pi is powered through the host Raspberry Pi using the GPIO port and extended pins on the GPIO connector allow you to stack the ADC Pi along with other expansion boards.
The two MCP3424 A/D converters communicate via i2c to the host Raspberry Pi giving you eight analogue inputs to use. A logic level converter is included on the ADC Pi board giving you a buffered 5V i2c port making it easy to add other I2C devices which operate at 5 volts without damaging the raspberry pi 3.3 volt i2c port. The i2c buffer uses N-channel mosfets with a maximum drain current of 100mA.
Datasheets for the MCP3424 can be found on the technical information tab.
The I2C address bits are selectable using the on-board jumpers. The MCP3424 supports up to 8 different I2C addresses so with two A/D converters on each ADC Pi you can stack up to 4 ADC Pi boards on a single Raspberry Pi giving you 32 ADC inputs.
The MCP3424 contains an on-board 2.048V reference voltage with an input range of ±2.048V differentially (full scale range of 4.096V/PGA). A programmable Gain Amplifier gives the user a selectable gain of x1, x2, x4 or x8 before the analogue to digital conversion takes place.
The data rate for analogue to digital conversions is 3.75 (17 bit), 15 (15 bit), 60 (13 bit) or 240 (11 bit) samples per second. Data rate and resolution can be configured within software using the I2C interface.
Unused inputs should be tied to ground.
I2C Address Selection
The MCP3424 analogue to digital converter contains two address select pins which can be tied to Vss, Vdd or left floating. This gives 8 possible I2C addresses for each chip. The ADC Pi V2 contains two MCP3424 chips so you can stack up to 4 ADC Pi V2 boards on a single Raspberry Pi. To simplify address selection on the ADC Pi V2 we have included a set of address selection pins which can be configured using the included jumpers. The illustrations below show the four recommended configurations for your ADC Pi V2 and the associated I2C addresses.
Disconnect the ADC Pi V2 from the Raspberry Pi before changing the address pins. You may need to short the 5V and ground with a resistor to discharge the capacitors in order for the new addresses to be recognised.
I2C Address Table
|Low or Float
||Low or Float
Do not under any circumstanced connect the two centre pins together. This will create a direct short between the 5V and ground pins and will damage or destroy your Raspberry Pi and ADC Pi Plus board.
Recommended Address Configurations
Analogue Channels 1-4 = I2C Address: 0x68
Analogue Channels 5-8 = I2C Address: 0x69
Analogue Channels 1-4 = I2C Address: 0x6A
Analogue Channels 5-8 = I2C Address: 0x6B
Analogue Channels 1-4 = I2C Address: 0x6C
Analogue Channels 5-8 = I2C Address: 0x6D
Analogue Channels 1-4 = I2C Address: 0x6E
Analogue Channels 5-8 = I2C Address: 0x6F
Input Ratings & Specifications
|Vdd (5V pin on I2C bus)
|All AD inputs and outputs
||VSS–0.4V to VDD+0.4 V
|Current at Input Pins
|I2C SDA/SCL voltage
|I2C port current
We have Arduino, C, Windows 10 IOT, Python 2 and Python 3 libraries available for this expansion board. You can download all of the libraries from github at:
Download the Arduino libraries from: https://github.com/abelectronicsuk/ABElectronics_Arduino_Libraries
To download the C libraries to your Raspberry Pi type in terminal:
git clone https://github.com/abelectronicsuk/ABElectronics_C_Libraries.git
To download the Python 2 libraries to your Raspberry Pi type in terminal:
git clone https://github.com/abelectronicsuk/ABElectronics_Python_Libraries.git
To download the Python 3 libraries to your Raspberry Pi type in terminal:
git clone https://github.com/abelectronicsuk/ABElectronics_Python3_Libraries.git
Download the Windows 10 IOT libraries from:https://github.com/abelectronicsuk/ABElectronics_Win10IOT_Libraries/
We have a range of tutorials for the ADC Pi in our Knowledge Base
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